collective self-education in the arts and culture…

Production of Knowledge :: Jelena Knežević

Production of knowledge is a complex process of creating and organizing information in society. It is a time and money consuming process and because of that production of new knowledge is usually done by persons who work for government agencies, hospital universities, sildenafil large non-profit organizations, impotent or large corporations.

Dominant model of knowledge production consists of:

1. Educational system, research institutions and research facilities, supported by the Government and private grants (knowledge governance)

2. High-level research personnel that are to carry out social science and humanities research projects (human resources development)

3. Access to locally available social science and humanities knowledge (local knowledge)

4. Access to globally available social science and humanities knowledge (global knowledge)

5. Gatekeepers that are to evaluate research output, e.g. in the form of peer reviews (authorization)

6. Publishing research results in local print media (local documents)

7. Publishing research results in internationally recognized print media (global documents)

We can make distinction between two regimes that allocate resources for the creation of new knowledge: one is the system of granting intellectual property rights, as exemplified by modern patent and copyright systems; the other is the “open science” regime, as often found in the realm of “pure” scientific research (references and quotations). Today we also encounter this kind of system, to a certain extent, in the production of free and open source software.

The first system assigns clear property rights to newly created knowledge that allow the exclusion of others from using that knowledge, as well as the trading and licensing it. As it is well-known such a system provides powerful incentives for the creation of knowledge, at the cost of creating temporary monopolies that will tend to restrict output and raise price.

The second system relies to some extent on the fact that individuals often invent or create for non-pecuniary reasons like curiosity. Dissemination of research results and knowledge is achieved at a relatively low cost, because assigning the “moral rights” to the first publisher of an addition to the body of knowledge gives creators an incentive to disseminate it rapidly and broadly. Therefore, in this system the use of others’ output is encouraged and relatively cheap, with the cost being appropriate citation and possibly some reciprocity in sharing knowledge.

That is why the system of open science is often used as a regime of contemporary knowledge production in many critical and independent educational projects in culture and art.

According to: Bronwyn H. Hall, “Incentives For Knowledge Production with Many Producers”, ESRC Centre for Business Research, University of Cambridge, Working Paper no. 292

University of California at Berkeley and NBER, Department of Economics

Category: Dictionary of Self-education

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Deschooling Classroom

Deschooling Classroom is a project that addresses the contemporary independent cultural scenes in the region, researching and offering an alternative to the hierarchical models of education in the art and culture. Methodologically, the project moves away from the concepts of individual authorship and expertise, and advocates open collective educational structures where self-organised communities facilitate horizontal production, exchange and distribution of knowledge.